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Australian PMI®: Weakest manufacturing conditions in three years

The Australian Industry Group Australian Performance of Manufacturing Index (Australian PMI®) fell by 3.5 points to 48.1 in November, its lowest reading since August 2016, strengthening calls for the Federal Government to consider greater stimulus options. An increasing pace of contraction in new orders suggested a weak Christmas period may be ahead for Australian manufacturers (readings below 50 points indicate contraction in activity, with the distance from 50 indicating the strength of the contraction).

The weaker manufacturing sector in November was driven by contraction in employment and new orders and sales and production were barely steady. The overall weakness was not evident in the large food & beverages sector which reported a further strengthening of performance. Both the machinery & equipment and the chemicals sectors also continued to expand in November with weakness concentrated in the metal products, building products and TCF & printing groups.

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Ai Group Chief Executive Innes Willox said: "A decline in performance across the diverse manufacturing sector had been telegraphed by the weakness in new orders in recent months. The further fall in new orders in November is far from encouraging and is further evidence that the stimulus from interest rate reductions and the income tax cuts has not so far flowed through to consumer and business spending. The Federal Government will need to look very closely at additional stimulus options over coming months," Mr Willox said.


Australian PMI®: Key Findings for November:

  • In falling by 3.5 points to 48.1 in November, the Australian PMI® slipped below the 50-point threshold separating expansion from contraction for only the third month since July 2015.
  • The recent weakness in new orders continued in November (down 1.1 points to 47.2) and has now started to flow through to other activity indices, with employment (down 5.5 points to 47.3) and supplier deliveries (down 7.0 points to 45.3) also contracting. Production (down 5.8 points to 49.7), sales (down 2.9 points to 49.2) and exports (down 2.0 points to 49.8) all weakened to a position of stability, with finished stocks the only index to remain in expansion (up 4.2 points to 52.6).
  • Three of the six manufacturing sectors in the Australian PMI® expanded in November (trend), led once again by food & beverages (up 0.4 points to 60.8) and machinery & equipment (down 0.3 points to 53.1). Although still contracting, the metal products sector's rate of contraction continued to slow (up 1.7 points to 46.8), with businesses servicing mining and defence projects reporting solid market conditions.
  • Drought remains a top concern for many manufacturers, particularly those located in rural areas or those selling metal products and machinery & equipment to the agricultural sector.
  • The input prices index made a welcome drop from November's 2019 high (down 10.7 points to 64.0), while selling prices jumped back into positive territory (up 6.2 points to 51.2).
  • The average wages index fell a further 2.5 points to 56.8 in November, indicating wages rose at a slower rate than in October.

View all Economic Indicators

Seasonally adjusted

Index this month

Change from last month

12 month average

Trend

Index this month

Change from last month

12 month average

Australian PMI®

48.1

-3.5

51.9

Food & beverages

60.8

0.4

59.3

Production

49.7

-5.8

52.6

Machinery & Equipment

53.1

-0.3

50.2

Employment

47.3

-5.5

52.8

Metals products

46.8

1.7

44.3

New Orders

47.2

-1.1

51.8

Petroleum, coal, chemicals & rubber products

51.6

-0.4

52.8

Supplier Deliveries

45.3

.-7.0

51.4

Building, wood, furniture & other

42.8

-2.6

53.5

Finished Stocks

52.6

4.2

49.9

Textiles, clothing, footwear, paper & printing

38.1

-1.6

46.5

Exports

49.8

-2.0

52.3

       

Sales

49.2

-2.9

50.5

       

Input prices

64.0

-10.7

68.6

       

Selling prices

51.2

6.2

50.3

       

Average wages

56.8

-2.5

59.6

       

Capacity utilisation (%)

74.6

-2.0

77.8

       

Results above 50 points indicate expansion. * All indexes for sectors in the Australian PMI® are reported in trend terms (Henderson 13-month filter).

Background: The Australian Industry Group Australian Performance of Manufacturing Index (Australian PMI®) is a national composite index calculated from a weighted mix of the diffusion indices for production, new orders, deliveries, inventories and employment. An Australian PMI® reading above 50 points indicates that manufacturing activity is expanding; below 50, that it is declining. The distance from 50 indicates the strength of expansion or decline. Australian PMI® results are based on responses from a national sample of manufacturers that includes all states and all sub-sectors. The Australian PMI® uses the ANZSIC industry classifications for manufacturing sub-sectors and sub-sector weights derived from ABS industry output data. Seasonally adjusted and trend data are calculated according to ABS methodology. The Australian PMI® commenced in 1992. More information about the history and methodology of the Australian PMI® is available online.

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Media Enquiries:
Tony Melville: 0419 190 347