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Australian PMI® reaches record high in March

The Australian Industry Group Australian Performance of Manufacturing Index (Australian PMI®) accelerated in March, jumping by 5.6 points to a record high of 63.1 in the month. The Australian PMI® has now extended its longest run of expansion since 2005 into its 18th month (readings above 50 indicate expansion in activity, with the distance from 50 indicating the strength of the increase).

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Ai Group Chief Executive Innes Willox said: “The ascent of manufacturing reached new heights over the past month with strength evident across the sector in what is continuing welcome news for the industry.  Production grew beyond the strong levels recorded in February on the back of higher sales in domestic and overseas markets. Employment growth continued to increase with this sub-index of the Australian PMI® reaching a record high in March. Manufacturers reported new orders coming in at a healthy pace, in part reflecting the pick-up of work in mining, infrastructure and building. While production and sales volumes are very strong, continuing input price pressures – notably for energy; a revival of wage levels; and a further lift in the number of businesses reporting difficulty in hiring skilled staff, are combining to constrain margins and the capacity for further expansion. These same pressures underline the importance to our economy of implementing policies to improve the competitiveness of our tax system,” Mr Willox said.

Australian PMI®: Key Findings for March:

  • The previous record for the Australian PMI® was 62.1 points recorded in May 2002.
  • For the fifth consecutive month all seven activity sub-indexes in the Australian PMI® expanded (see table below), with new orders (up 11.2 points to 66.6), employment (up 2.2 points to 60.0) and deliveries (up 10.6 points to 66.6) all recording record highs.
  • Seven of the eight manufacturing sub-sectors expanded in March (trend data*) with the other, textiles, clothing & furniture, being stable (up 5.2 points to 49.8). Three sub-sectors reached record highs: petroleum, coal & chemicals (up 0.7 points to 66.1); metal products (up 4.0 points to 62.3); and machinery & equipment (up 1.8 points to 62.0).
  • Capacity utilisation also reached a record high of 81.2% in March, boding well for future investment and/or employment as capacity issues can be addressed by an increase in capital and/or employing more workers.
  • Queensland manufacturing is performing particularly well, with a reading of 73.8 points in March. Respondents in Queensland are reporting increased demand from a broad range of sectors including construction, mining, agriculture and renewables.

View all Economic Indicators

Seasonally adjusted Index this month Change from last month 12 month average   Index this month Change from last month 12 month average
Australian PMI® 63.1 5.6 56.9  Exports 58.9 2.4 53.7
Production 62.2 0.3 58.1 Sales 63.9 10.5 56.0
New Orders 66.6 11.2 59.0 Input Prices 68.5 0.0 68.1
Employment 60.0 2.2 54.7 Selling Prices 52.2 1.6 51.8
Inventories (stocks) 56.0 1.3 52.1 Average Wages 63.4 6.6 59.9
Supplier Deliveries 66.6 10.6 56.9 Cap. Utilisation (%) 81.2 1.5 77.5


Background: The Australian Industry Group Australian Performance of Manufacturing Index (Australian PMI®) is a national composite index calculated from a weighted mix of the diffusion indices for production, new orders, deliveries, inventories and employment. An Australian PMI® reading above 50 points indicates that manufacturing activity is expanding; below 50, that it is declining. The distance from 50 indicates the strength of expansion or decline. Australian PMI® results are based on responses from a national sample of manufacturers that includes all states and all sub-sectors. The Australian PMI® uses the ANZSIC industry classifications for manufacturing sub-sectors and sub-sector weights derived from ABS industry output data. Seasonally adjusted and trend data are calculated according to ABS methodology. The Australian PMI® commenced in 1992. More information about the history and methodology of the Australian PMI® is available online.

Media Enquiries: Tony Melville - 0419 190 347