static image

Australian PMI®: Manufacturing edges higher again in July

The Australian Industry Group Australian Performance of Manufacturing Index (Australian PMI®) rose 1.9 points to 51.3 in July, climbing back into expansion after falling into contraction in June for the first time in almost three years (readings below 50 points indicate contraction in activity, with the distance from 50 indicating the strength of the decrease).

Download full report

Ai Group Chief Executive Innes Willox said: "Australian manufacturing edged back into growth in July as continued expansion of the food & beverages, chemicals, and building-related products sectors outweighed ongoing deterioration in activity in the metal products and textile, clothing, footwear, paper & printing sectors. Machinery & equipment manufacturers moved closer to stabilisation boosted by infrastructure-related sales. While production fell, export sales were stronger partly due to the downward drift in exchange rates over the first half of 2019 and partly due to strong overseas demand for food, beverages, pharmaceutical and cosmetic products. Pressures on manufacturers’ margins continued in July in the face of weak domestic sales and selling prices even though the pace of increases in wages and other input costs eased. In encouraging pointers for the months ahead, both new orders and employment expanded in July," Mr Willox said.

Australian PMI®: Key Findings for July:  

  • Four of the seven activity indexes in the Australian PMI® expanded in July. Despite falls in sales (down 8.1 points to 42.7) and production (down 3.6 points to 48.3), a return to positive territory for supplier deliveries (up 4.8 points to 51.9) and a stronger new orders index (up 3.2 points to 53.0) suggest manufacturers are gearing up for more production in coming months.
  • The exports index improved again in July (up 1.5 points to 54.6), with strong overseas demand for Australian consumable manufacturing products such as food, beverages, pharmaceuticals, vitamins and cosmetics.
  • Three of the six manufacturing sectors expanded in July (trend), with the gap between the expanding and contracting sectors growing in recent months. Food & beverages (down 0.7 points to 59.2) and building materials, wood & furniture (up 1.3 points to 63.7) led the way, while heavy industrial sectors including metals (down 2.9 points to 35.4) and machinery & equipment (up 1.0 points to 48.8) continued to report weak conditions.
  • The input prices index eased again in July (down 1.1 points to 66.3), but there was also a gentle fall in selling prices (down 0.4 points to 49.2).
  • The average wages index fell by 2.8 points to 56.9 in July, indicating a slower rate of wage increases across the manufacturing sector despite the 1 July 3.0% minimum wage rise.

View all Economic Indicators 

Seasonally adjusted

Index this month

Change from last month

12 month average

Trend

Index this month

Change from last month

12 month average

Australian PMI®

51.3

1.9

52.9

Food & beverages

59.2

-0.7

58.6

Production

48.3

-3.6

53.7

Machinery & Equipment

48.8

1.0

49.8

Employment

53.2

3.1

52.4

Metals products

35.4

-2.9

46.5

New Orders

53.0

3.2

53.0

Petroleum, coal, chemicals & rubber products

54.4

-0.1

53.3

Supplier Deliveries

51.9

4.8

53.4

Building, wood, furniture & other

63.7

1.3

58.1

Finished Stocks

48.9

4.9

50.3

Textiles, clothing, footwear, paper & printing

39.1

-3.5

47.9

Exports

54.6

1.5

54.0

       

Sales

42.7

-8.1

52.0

       

Input prices

66.3

-1.1

70.2

       

Selling prices

49.2

-0.4

51.8

       

Average wages

56.9

-2.8

60.8

       

Capacity utilisation (%)

81.3

4.6

78.3

       

Results above 50 points indicate expansion. All indexes for sectors in the Australian PMI® are reported in trend terms (Henderson 13-month filter).

Background: The Australian Industry Group Australian Performance of Manufacturing Index (Australian PMI®) is a national composite index calculated from a weighted mix of the diffusion indices for production, new orders, deliveries, inventories and employment. An Australian PMI® reading above 50 points indicates that manufacturing activity is expanding; below 50, that it is declining. The distance from 50 indicates the strength of expansion or decline. Australian PMI® results are based on responses from a national sample of manufacturers that includes all states and all sub-sectors. The Australian PMI® uses the ANZSIC industry classifications for manufacturing sub-sectors and sub-sector weights derived from ABS industry output data. Seasonally adjusted and trend data are calculated according to ABS methodology. The Australian PMI® commenced in 1992. More information about the history and methodology of the Australian PMI® is available online.

Click here for full list of 2019 release dates for the Australian PMI®.

Media Enquiries: Tony Melville: 0419 190 347